Collection Info

Toy, James W.

Span Dates: 1963-2007

Bulk Dates: 1971-1994

Volume: 24.3 linear ft. and 1 oversize folder


The bulk of the collection concerns the various offices he held at the University of Michigan, but a significant portion concerns his activities with Integrity and the Diocese of Detroit.

Hist/Bio Note

James Toy was an early LGBT activist in Detroit and the University of Michigan. A pioneer in 1970, he declared himself an "open" gay male at a Detroit anti-war rally. That year, he and other students proposed the University of Michgan establish a unit to address the needs of gay and lesbian students. The following year he served as a member of the Episcopal diocesan commission on homosexuality; in 1975, he helped establish a Detroit area chapter of Integrity, an LGBT gay Episcopal organization. Since 1989, he has been a member of the diocese’s Task Force on Lesbian and Gay Men’s Concerns.

Finding Aid

An online finding aid is available at the following web address.


This collection is housed at the Bentley Historical Library of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor Michigan.

Index Terms

IntegrityEpiscopalDetroit [MI]Gay liberation movement -- Religious aspectsGays -- Religious LifeGays -- United States -- History -- 20th Century -- SourcesHomosexuality -- Religious aspects -- ChristianityToy, Jim